Earlier the head of the Aghitu-3 expedition Boris Gasparyan told ArmInfo that in the cave they had found flint stone and obsidian tools, altars and carcasses of animals.
In the past it was believed that there could not be early man in the territory of the Armenian Plateau because of high altitude and very cold weather, but Aghitu-3 is located at an altitude of 1,600 meters above the sea level. The life of its inhabitants was not easy though: hunting, fishing, gathering.
Dr. Bugge, a learned Norwegian considers Etruscan to be an Armenian dialect. (Science – Page 99 by American Association for the Advancement of Science.)
Some scholars also see in Araratian art, architecture, language and general culture traces of kinship to the Etruscans of the Italian peninsula. (A History of Armenia by Vahan M. Kurkjian p.19).
Армянское происхождения этрусков.
“Арийская раса делится на два больших крыла – северное, или европейское, и южное, или азиатское. Южные, или азиатские, арийцы могут быть аналогичным образом разделены на три основные ветви: армяне, персы и индийцы. Курды и афганцы имеют меньшее этическое значение. Армян, как и кельтов, сейчас мало. Когда-то они населяли страну большей протяженности, откуда расселились на запад – из Армении в Италию под именем фригийцев, фракийцев, пеласгов, этрусков. Расселение происходило также и в других направлениях”. (Армянское происхождении этрусков, Роберт Эллис, Лондон, 1861 год.)
Доктор Бугге, известный норвежский ученый (филолог и лингвист), считает этрусский язык диалектом армянского. (Наука – Страница 99, Американская ассоциация содействия развитию науки).
Некоторые ученые также видят в Араратском искусстве, архитектуре, языке и культуре в целом следы родства с этрусками итальянского полуострова. (История Армении, Ваан М. Куркджян, стр. 19).
1. Detail of the Etruscan Bronze Chariot in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Picture taken by Mary Harrsch.
Chariot, late 6th century B.C.
Etruscan; From Monteleone, Italy
2. Reconstruction of Armenian Goddess Arubani. Van/Urartu/Ararat/Arminiya period.
3. Fragment of a bronze helmet from Armenian king Argishti I’s era. The “tree of life”, popular among the ancient societies, is depicted. The helmet was discovered during the excavations of the fortress Of Teyshebaini on Karmir-Blur (Red Hill), Armenia.
4. Detail of a bronze throne of Armenian kings of Van period.
5. “The Armenian Origin of Etruscans” by Robert Ellis, available on Amazon.
6. Armenian maidens, 19 century, wearing the same headgear as in previous pictures.
The ritual blessing of the grapes is an annual harvest-time event that began when Armenian Arordis (pagans – Suns of AR Creator) offered their first fruit of the season to the gods in hopes of protecting their crops from natural disasters.
According to numerous sources, to Tir we owe the word “Ter” – Lord, sir. Tir was honored on February 13: on this day the feast Trndez (Terendez) was celebrated. According to one version meaning: – Tr (krak/ fire) des (you) – “Fire for you”- Ter ind dez- “God is in you,” they cried as the newlyweds jumped over bonfire, sanct…ifying their reproductive organs, as it were. It was believed if the woman would jump over the fire, a boy would be born, but if she went around it they would get a daughter. Later on this festival was accordingly renamed, which during the Christian era was merged into the feast of the Presentation of the Lord. Christendom had attributed a new meaning to the feast, but the main part of the rite was preserved in its original form. It is not difficult to guess that the male names Tirayr, Tiratur, Trdat (Tiridates), the name of the city Tirakatar and mountains Tirinkatar (“peak of Tir”) are associated with the same. *
Winged Tir, whose name is sometimes interpreted as “fast one”, was an educated God, and for that Aramazd appointed him as his personal scribe and messenger, and on top of that entrusted him the patronage of literature, rhetoric, science, and art. Tir’s actions were particularly kindly to Artashes I, and the king built a new sanctuary of the enlightened god in the very spot where in the VII century a gem of our architecture Zvartnots was born.
At nights, the god of divination-Tir appeared to people evoking prophetic dreams, that lifted the veil of the future. That’s why his main sanctuary was called Erazamuyn – “immersion into dream”. These dreams were interpreted by the priests, who taught sciences to teenagers from noble families, the most important of which was astronomy and cosmography.Poets across the country would gather at the annual festival Tirakan in Erazamuyn, dedicated to Tir, to demonstrate their skills. Holding a bowl of fire, the priest would come out of the temple and name the subject of the poem. The bowl of fire that has been brought forth from the temple is, by the way, connected to the word “Hraman” once signifying this same bowl: “hur” – “flame” and “aman” (“a bowl, a vessel”), and the high priest acted as “Hramanatar” – “bearing a bowl of fire”. Since the orders of the unquestioned authority of the priest must be carried out without question, the word “Hramanatar” over time became to be associated with the military commanders, and the “Hraman” came to mean “order”.
Having solemnly proclaimed the theme, the priest would dismiss poets for precisely one day – to reflect, to plunge into dreams, and at the appointed time to appear before the connoisseurs of the art of poetry. The best works were awarded and willow wreaths were placed on the heads of the winners, titling them ‘wreath-bearers’. That’s why we call the willow a tree of dreaming and poetry. As a symbol of female grief however, it entered our poetry much later.
Tir is identify with the spirit Grogh, which translates as “writer”. Hence the word “tiratsu” – “clerk” is derived from it. Admittedly, his name Grogh fully justified – he was the most punctual writer. As soon as a human was born, Grogh would write the newborn into the book of life, and on the forehead he imprinted the newborn’s faith – chakatagir, predetermining the given lifespan. He keenly observed everyone and entered all the sins and good deeds into his special folio, to read them during the final judgment.
If the agony of dying lasted a long time and the soul could not part with the body easily, it was common to take the pillow from beneath the head of the dying person and open wide all the windows and doors, so Grogh could enter freely into the home and take the soul into his bosom and leave.
Just as the Russians curse ‘k chorty’ meaning ‘to the devil’ and English ‘to hell with you’, Armenians curse by sending to Grogh: “Grogh kez tani!” (meaning “scribe take you!”) or “Groghu tsots” (“in embrace of the scribe”). Many centuries past and the word “Grogh” became to simply mean ‘writer’.
One of the capitals of Greater Armenia – Artashat city was founded in the Ararat valley by the king Artashes. Date of foundation varies from 190 to 170 BC. According to the most popular version, it was in 176 BC. The Romans called Artashat “Armenian Carthage”, and believed it was founded by Hannibal.
Mount Ararat from Artashat.
Ancient Wisdom. Funerary remains. Aratta/Metsamor.
Among the artefacts uncovered in the royal tombs were evidences of great wealth; Gold, silver and bronze jewellery and adornments were found over and next to the body, which was placed in a sitting foetal position in a large stone sarcophagus (early Metsamor) or lying in a casket (late Metsamor). The bodies were laid out with their feet oriented towards the East, so they could greet the sun and follow it to the afterlife in the West. Included in the vaults were the skeletal remains of horses, cattle, domesticated dogs and humans, presumed to be servants or slaves to the deceased. The sacrifice of slaves and animals was a common feature of burial rituals during the Bronze and Early Iron Age, as they were considered necessary to assist their master in the next life. In addition to jewellery, pottery and tools, excavators discovered pots filled with grape and pear piths, grains, wine and oil. The fruit piths are a prominent part of the food offerings, and considered a necessary part of the funeral rites.
Other funeral objects discovered were rare amethyst bowls, ornamented wooden caskets with inlaid covers, glazed ceramic perfume bottles, and ornaments of gold, silver and semiprecious stones, and paste decorated with traditional mythological scenes typical of local art traditions. Egyptian, Central Asian and Babylonian objects were also found at the site, indicating that from earliest of times Metsamor was on the crossroads of travel routes spanning the Ararat plain and linking Asia Minor with the North Caucasus and Central Asia. By the early Iron Age Metsamor was one of the “royal” towns, an administrative-political and cultural centre in the Ararat Valley.
Image presented by Armenologist, Historian Gevork Nazaryan
Having already mentioned that metals appeared later in the archaeological record of north-western Europe than in the south and east, and that southern metal artefacts appeared to be more advanced than northern European forms of the same age, we can now support this with earlier discoveries from Armenian Highland, as the following examples demonstrate. It is a reasonable conclusion that European metallurgy had a Armenian origin…
Metsamor (Medzamor), Armenia – Metsamor has revealed foundries that were processing metal as far back as 5,000 BC. The site contains the oldest large-scale metallurgical factory in the world (2,500 BC). Discovered by Dr Koriun Megatchian, in Soviet Armenia (20Km from Ararat). It contained over 200 furnaces, producing an assortment of vases, knives, spearheads, rings, bracelets, etc.
The Metsamor craftsmen wore mouth-filters and gloves while they laboured and fashioned their wares of copper, lead, zinc, iron, gold, tin, manganese and fourteen kinds of bronze. The smelters also produced an assortment of metal paints, ceramics and glass. But the most out-of-place discovery was several pairs of tweezers made of steel, taken from layers dating back before the first millennium BC. The steel was later found to be of exceptionally high grade, and the discovery was verified by scientific organizations in the Soviet Union, the United States, Britain, France and Germany.
The UK website is about world metallurgy centres. I reposted with corrections since Armenia was placed in Middle East and the link mentions Metsamor as in Turkey although it corrects itself in another article on the same website.
Armenian alphabet is not only modified Kerkhach (swastika) but also there is secret information and sacred, civilized, scientific knowledge, sacerdotal knowledge about stars (constellations, longitude and latitude), galaxy (the model of galaxy creation), It is proved by the fact that one (with 36 signs-letters) can express the numbers from 1 to 10000, without using any other signs, that is the ideal comparison of system of 6 (which was common to the Armenian Highland) – I mean 60 minutes, 360° and the system of 10, division of sky into 3*12….
Sumerologist Armen Davtyan
Painting by Mkrtich Aslanyan
In travail were heaven and earth, In travail, too, the purple sea! The travail held in the sea the small red reed. Through the hollow of the stalk came forth smoke, Through the hollow of the stalk came forth flame, And out of the flame a youth ran! Fiery hair had he, Ay, too, he had flaming beard, And his eyes, they were as suns!
Other parts of the song, now lost, said that Vahagn fought and conquered dragons, hence his title Vishapakagh, or the Dragonslayer. He was also invoked as the God of courage and war. Due to his fiery nature he was also closely associated with the Sun (as another manifestation of the worship of Light).
Vahagn the Dragonslayer. Engraving by J. Rotter.(Austrian artist who made engravings based on themes from Armenian History at the end of the 19th century.)
This story and rare engraving is presented by Gevork Nazaryan, Armenologist, Historian.