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King Pap

Pap, King of Armenia, also known as Papas (Armenian: Պապ; Latin: Papes or Papa; 360–374)
In 374 Eastern Roman Emperor Valens assigned Roman general Traianus to gain King Pap’s confidence and murder him. Traianus murdered Pap during a banq…uet which he had organized for the young king. Marcellinus Ammianus drew parallels between the treacherous murder of the Quadi King Gabinius by Valentinian I and the murder of Pap by Valens, who also wrote that the murder of Pap haunted Valens prior to the Battle of Adrianople.
Valens and Trianus died in the battle of Adrianople.
Treacherous killing of King Pap. Painting by Vagan Garibyan
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In no history there is a mentioning of Urartians. Kingdom of Van was in the focus of the ancient world for about three hundred years, how is that none of the ancient historians ever knew about the existence of Urartians and never recorded t…hem? We are not talking about small tribes who nevertheless are mentioned by various authors. Not to notice Urartians is the same as not to know the Babylonians , Assyrians, Persians , Greeks , etc. Even the Medes whose state existed just only about sixty years, are in historical writings.
This term as a designation of ethnicity was invented in the XX century but three thousand years before the XX century the term in this sense wasn’t known to anyone, besides the residents of Van Kingdom never used it … in fact the name Urartians could only conditionally designate population, residents, but not ethnicity .
Movses Khorenatsi did not invent Armenian History but used written or oral sources, then how come that in his stories, as well as the stories of other authors there are Babylonians , Assyrians, Jews , Persians, Medes , Greeks , etc. , but not a single Urartian? Because they simply did not exist in the history , they were invented in the XX century. Science loves facts, and there are no facts about Urartians. To prove something it must be found in history.
Khachaturian V.A.   Urartians – who are they?
Translaed by the admin from:
Ни в какой истории нет упоминания об урартах. Ведь Ванская держава около трехсот лет была в центре внимания древнего мира, как же поручилось, что никто из древних историков не узнал о существовании урартов или урартийцев и не зафиксировал их? Речь идет не о мелких племенах, которые тем не менее упоминаются то у одних, то у других авторов. Не заметить урартов или урартийцев, пожалуй, то же самое, что не знать вавилонян, ассирийцев, персов, греков и т. д. Даже мидийцы, держава которых существовала всего-то около шестидесяти лет, попали в исторические сочинения.
Этот термин как обозначение этноса придумали в XX в., а за три тысячи лет до XX века термина в таком смысле не знали, к тому же сами жители Ванской державы его не употребляли… в сущности название урарты, урартийцы могло лишь условно обозначать население, жителей, но не этнос.
Историю армянского народа Мовсес Хоренаци не выдумывал, а пользовался письменными или устными источниками, как же получилось что как в его, так и в истории других авторов есть вавилоняне, ассирийцы, евреи, персы, мидяне, эллины и т. д., а вот ни одного урарта? Потому что их просто нет в истории, их придумали в XX в. Наука любит факты, а фактов об урартах нет. Чтобы доказать, необходимо что-то найти в истории.
Хачатурян В.А. Урарты или урартийцы – кто они?
Bronze figure, from Karmir Blur, Armenia. Armenian Civilization, 7th Century BC.
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Hyksos’ astonishing early inventions, based upon knowledge they acquired from Anunnaki’s remnants:
Early Hyksos and their descendants in Cilicia and Urartu were unparalleled inventors of their time. The list of their inventions is endless…. To name a few:
1-The Hyksos were the first to invent fully operational astronomic tools to map the skies.
2- Their architects and masons architected and built the world’s first circular towers, later to be adopted and copied by the Crusaders on their way to Palestine.
3- They invented the world’s first urban irrigation system and sewage, later to be copied by the Hellenists, the Greeks and the Romans.
4-For years it was believed that writing paper (Papyrus) was an Egyptian invention, refined by the Greek, and inspired by the Phoenicians. The Greeks gave the Phoenician city Byblos its name (Jbeil, today), for Byblos meant Biblio (Book) in Greek, and because invented the manufacturing and binding of books. However, recent discoveries in Ougarit (Ugarit) and Amrit revealed the existence of numerous written communications (Royal messages) exchanged between the Kings of Armenia and the Phoenician Kings and written on Armenian parchments in the form of papyrus. Some of the words were in Ana’kh, the Anunnaki’s language.
Thus, we can conclude that Hyksos (/Urartian/Cilicians) a. Invented the papyrus b. The early Armenians and Phoenicians invented the first written and systematic Alphabet.
5-The early Hyksos invented the plaster molding, later to be used by Alexander The Great in his Asia Minor campaign.
6-The Hyksos were the world’s first military power to create and use the war chariots and curved bows. These two inventions were documented in ancient Egyptians inscriptions describing their conquest and ruling of Egypt for a very long time.
7-Their textile and merchant dressmakers invented the lace dye (Januaq), similar to the Phoenician’s “Al Ourjouwan”, known also as the dye of royalty, or the “Royal Color.”
8- later on, in history, their descendants, the early Armenian Christian monks, were the precursors and original illustrators of Christian Illuminated Manuscripts and sacred books, later to be copied by pre-medieval European monks and doctors of the Catholic and Orthodox Church.
9- Their descendants (early Armenian architects and fortress builders) were the first designers and builders of Cathedrals and church domes.
The dome, a remarkable architectural beauty was copied centuries later by Byzantine, Rome, the Vatican, the Renaissance, and the Christian world in the eastern and western hemispheres.
Typed out by the admin from
Mega Encyclopedia of Anunnaki, Ulema-Anunnaki, Their Offspring, Their Remnants And Extraterrestrial Civilization on Earth. Volume 4
By Maximillien De Lafayette
De Lafayette has authored 1,575 books and 9 encyclopedias in 25 languages. , and 14 dictionaries/lexicons on Sumerian, Akkadian, Hittite, Babylonian, Assyrian, Chaldean, Aramaic, Arabic, Phoenician, Ugaritic, Greek, etc.,Since 1960, his books are read by more than 120 million readers around the world. He has to his credits 220 bestsellers confirmed by amazon.com .

De Lafayette is considered as one of the world leading linguists (Ancient & Modern Languages) and historians of ancient civilizations.
***
Hay – Hayk – Haikazuni/Haikasian/Hyksos.My collage is:1. Cover of Maximillien De Lafayett’s book.2. Anunnaki.

3. Haldi – Hayk, Armenian god of Van pantheon.

4. In 1963, the world’s oldest known metallurgical factory was excavated at Metzamor, in Soviet Armenia, dated beyond 4,000 years ago and containing over 200 furnaces. Although wheels and carriages had been known for some time, the invention of the first practical wheeled vehicles-the cart and the chariot-seem to have taken place in the vicinity of Lake Sevan, in today’s Armenia dated back to 3,000 B.C. ( Dr. Armen Melkon Khandjian)

5. Excerpt from Maximillien De Lafayett’s book.

6. Sarcophagus of Eshmunazar II with Armenian -Phoenician script

7. Armenian medieval manuscript with the same script and colour substance.

8. Mountain Ararat where ancient Armenian gods live/d. Photo by Samvel Sevada.

9.  Oldest cathedral in the world -Etchmiadzin Cathedral.

10. Hayk (Armenian: Հայկ) or Hayg, also known as Haik Nahapet (Հայկ Նահապետ, Hayk the Tribal Chief) is the legendary patriarch and founder of the Armenian nation. His story is told in the History of Armenia by Armenian historian Movses of Chorene (410 to 490). Hayk was also the founder of the Haykazuni (Hyksos) Dynasty.

11. Roman Silver Denarius of Augustus (27 B.C.E.-14 C.E.), Commemorating victory over Armenia, with symbols of Armenia: an Armenian Tiara with Bow quivers.

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By the time Armenia became aligned with the Persian Empire, two scripts surfaced in the Middle East, both with profound influence on the Armenian language. The Haikasian Script had develo…ped to the point where it is pointed to by linguists as “Old Armenian” Script.
The Haikasian Script is remarkable for several reasons. For one it continues a single line of development from the Copper-Bronze Age inscriptions in Armenia, developing the early pictograms into a hierarchy of letters and meanings. The script also contains specific sounds that were strung together to form words and phrases. Most remarkable of all, this script continued to be used in Armenia until the 14th century AD almost a thousand years after the adoption of the Mashtots Script.
Preserved in rural areas of the Armenian kingdom, and favored by villagers who could readily understand the pictorial images(remember most of the population were illiterate), the Haikasian Script was predominate in the last bastions of pagan faith in Armenia and can be linked almost letter for letter with that uncovered by Mesrop Mashtots in 401-406 AD.
The Odessian Script, which is traced to the 5th-4th centuries BC in the Sinai, and was created by a separate Indo-European branch of Ancestral Armenians, surfaced recently. It bears an even more striking resemblance to the current Armenian script, with certain letters being almost identical to that credited to Mesrop Mashtots.
Taken together with the resilient Haikasian Script, historians and linguists are involved in a raging debate over how two much older scripts could so closely resemble that used in Armenia today, but receive any credit. They also give substantial credence to a common theory in Eastern Armenia about the source of the script discovered by Mesrop Mashtots.
Between the Persian and early Christian Period, the aristocracy and priest classes dropped both cuneiform and Haikasian Script in favor of others from the West. When Alexander the great invaded the area, defeating Darius III and destroying the Persian capital at Persepolis, his armies introduced Hellenism to Armenia. No other event so clearly divides the path the Armenian culture took from that it took before. The entire civilization changed. The aristocracy adopted Greek as the language of court (along with Arshakid Persian), the pantheon of gods took on a human aspect, supplanting the more abstract astral aspects, and Greek architecture and design found fertile ground in a population that had worshipped many of the same ideals for thousands of years.
Bear in mind that the Indo-European migrations took more than a root language with them, they brought ideas and beliefs distinct to their native home. Among these were the zodiac and the myths that sprung from their origins. One of the destinations for the Indo-European culture was Northern India, another the Doric culture in Greece. The Sanskrit language in particular has many root words identical to those found in Armenian.
There is also a common mythology between the cultures, beginning with the myth of Vishnu in Sanskrit, and ending with Dionysus in Greek mythology. A later version of the same myth was developed in Egypt, for a new god Isis. In Armenia, the myth was represented by the god Ara Geghetsik, with origins from around 2400 BC, the beginning of the old Armenian calendar. Another is the Armenian god-king Haik, the forerunner of the Greek Hercules.
The goddess of death by destruction is a common god form in ancient cultures, and the myth of Shiva, the most terrible and destructive of Hindu goddesses is firmly rooted in Armenian tradition. In the goddess Anahit, the Armenians have a myth so old and close to Shiva, it is considered proof of Indo-European influence on the North Indian culture. Unlike Shiva, Anahit gradually tamed her destructive influences and later generations knew her as the goddess of fertility and birth, and in Greece she was known as Artemis.
Other gods and goddesses with roots in ancestral Armenia are Aramazd (Zeus), Nouneh (Athena), Vahag’n (Hephaestus), Astghik (Aphrodite), Tir (Apollo) and Tork Angegh (Aries).
Hellenism which had an identical pantheon to the Armenian tradition, and worshipped it through sacrificial fire and divining the cosmos found quick converts in the Armenian kingdom. They shared a unified vision of the universe, and the temples erected in the Hellenistic tradition expanded on earlier Urartian designs.
The primary difference between cultures became their language: as the aristocracy adopted the Greek language, it separated itself from the population which continued to use the native Armenian tongue.
During the Roman Empire period, Latin was used interchangeably with Greek and Arshakid Persian, with Tigran the Great emulating Greco-Roman traditions in the building of his new city at Tigranakert. Still speaking the Armenian tongue, the division between the ruling class and the masses became more prominent without a unified script. No wonder the Haikasian Script lasted well into the Medieval Era: it was closely tied to ancestral Armenian roots, unlike the foreign scripts favored by those at court.
Armenia’s emergence as a Christian state is told in the story of Gregory the Illuminator, who waged a ferocious war against paganism at the same time Armenia was resisting incursions by Sassanids in the South. Entire communities were destroyed when they resisted the new faith, and almost all signs of paganism were wiped out during the long struggle. Churches were built on top of ruined temples, Vishaps were “baptized” by carving a cross on the ancient stones, and obelisks were converted into the earliest examples of khachkars (stone crosses) in the country.
The battle for Christianity was also a battle for the survival of the ruling house. Armenia’s kings had long been connected through marriage to the Arshakid (Parthev) Persian dynasty, which had been wiped out by the Sassanids. By adopting Christianity, the Armenians asserted themselves as a unique culture in the region, and temporarily united the kingdom against outside pagans.
During the 4th century, paganism was not completely wiped out, though (it took three hundred more years of concerted effort to accomplish that). And the population was introduced to a strange mixture of Christian scriptures and pagan traditions in churches. Most problematic of all, the language used in the new Armenian faith was foreign to the native Armenian tongue, separating the masses from the divine intent. Within a hundred years, the gains made by Gregory the Illuminator were in danger of being lost unless the kingdom could regain its identity yet again in the face of enemies.
©2014 Rick Ney ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
“Anahit” by Mkrtich Aslanian

An

Pavstos Buzand/V century/, telling about the deeds of the Armenian King Pap/353-374/, writes that he sent a delegation to the Greek king saying. “Cesaria and also ten other cities bel…onged to us. Give them back. Urha was founded by our ancestors, so if you don’t want disagreement between us, give them back. Otherwise we will wage a war.” (Pavstos Buzand, Armenian History, Yerevan, 1968, page 27, chapter ԼԲ). 1

Kayseri/Cappadocia was originally called Mashak, Mazaka or Mazaca and was known as such to Strabo during whose time it was the capital Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia.

Aram – one of the legendary Armenian patriarchs – defeats his third adversary in Cappadoccia and leaves his cognate, Mshak, as the ruler of that region. The latter established the city Mazhak ( Greek Mazaka = Caesaria ) in the area of Aram’s victory, near Mt. Argaeus. Other nations began to call the land and nation of Hayk’ (pi. Armenians) Armenia in the name of Aram ( Khorenatsi I, 12-15 ).2

Armenian Cilicia was a strong ally of the European Crusaders, and saw itself as a bastion of Christendom in the East.

1. Anjela Teryan, Historian, History museum of Yerevan.
2. ARMEN PETROSYAN
THE OLDEST SOURCES OF THE ARMENIAN EPIC
INDO – EUROPEAN MYTHS AND HISTORICAL PROTOTYPES

cappadocia urfa cilicia

ARMENID NOSE

The monuments let by Sumerians, Hittites, Assyrians, Babylonians, Phoenicians, Persians, and Indic Valley civilizations indicate the roots of these states were culturally and ethnically Armenid. Hawk nose, prominent among mode…rn Jews, Syrians and Arabs is evidence of transfusion of Armenid (Hurrian) genes into the Semitic races.

In Europe the Armenid type was omnipotent among the Celtic colonists of Britain and Ireland, and the Etruscans of Italy. The painted priestly heads and surviving mummies of the pharaohs and their queens, indicate that for generations Egyptian royalty belonged to the hawk-nosed Armenids.

Further away in Melanesian, Polynesian and Pacific islands, especially among the Africans of New Guinea, the salient nose is a testimony of the past presence of the Armenids. The unearthed skulls and the stone carved features of the Aztec, Inca, and Maya kings and priests are naturally Armenid.

Their supreme gods Votan, Quatzquatl, and Kukulkan are represented as bearded white men with most hawkish noses. The Mayas, especially, tried to outnose their civilizing superiors by widespread custom of wearing artificial noses and beards.

This ornamental custom was also practiced by north American ‘flat-head’ tribes of Chinook, Clatshop, and Salishan, as a distinctive mark of aristocracy. Among the Algonquin, such as the Black-feet tribe, the hawk nose was of natural birth. So was it also among the Middle American Arawaks and Caribs.

It is of great significance to note that Ptolemy’s map of “Geography of Asia Minor”,140 A.D.,lists five cities in Armenia which have their counterparts in Mayan Central America:i.e.,Chol/Cholula, Colua/Coluacan,Zuivana/Zuivan,Chalima/Colima, Zalissa/Xalisco!

A strong, hooked nose was a sign of leadership among the Romans whose many prominent men possessed such members. Then there are the beak-nosed fairy tale witches, possessors of supernatural and magical powers, who can fly, brew medicine, and have power over life and death.

This veneration of the high bridged nose has come down to our present days and has materialized in the symbol of the United States-the Uncle Sam-who is adorned with a prominent Armenid nose.

Recent findings or earliest Sumerian, Egyptian, and Assyrian remains indeed attest their Armenid-Caucasian origins. Thus, ancient monuments, skeletal remains, historic and traditional records, and modern archaeological, geological, and anthropological studies conclude that the Armenian Highland was the cradle of human civilization.

As well, the Armenian Highland was the source of a biological gene pool of a unique race whose migrations contributed greatly to the cultural evolution and genetic make-up of major European, Asian, African, and American nations.

Following the Agricultural and Metallurgical Revolution, and the opening up of the obsidian trade routes, the Armenids periodically ventured out of their Homeland in search for new farmlands and sources of metals. Whether as farmers, metal prospectors, or tradesmen, these gifted people and their progenies reached the far corners of the world mainly by peaceful penetration and rarely by military conquest.

Bronze working prospectors in search for copper and tin, slowly pushed their way into the Balkans, Danube Valley to central Europe, Denmark, and Sweden. Other moved southwards following the obsidian trade routes into Syria, Mesopotamia, Palestine and Egypt.

Wherever the Armenids migrated, they left a legacy of higher civilization and a trail of genetic racial hallmark, among the natives with whom they gradually assimilated. The impact of these culture bearing people and their civilizing influence left such a deep impression among the ancients, that a prominent, high-bridged nose became the universal sign for intelligence, nobility, and even deity.

Source: Dr.Armen Melkon Khandjian

Edited by Grigor Hakobyan(webmaster)

1 row- Armenian Kingdom of Van. 2 Sumerian. 3 Maya. 4 English.
2 row: 1. Melanesian. 2 Aztec. 3. Roman.noses

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Votive model of a chariot, bronzeIn 1963, the world’s oldest known metallurgical factory was excavated at Metzamor, in Soviet Armenia, dated beyond 4,000 years ago and containing over 200 furnaces. Although wheels and carriages had been known for some time, the invention of the first practical wheeled vehicles-the cart and the chariot-seem to have taken place in the vicinity of Lake Sevan, in today’s Armenia dated back to 3,000 B.C.

Source: Dr.Armen Melkon Khandjian Edited by Grigor Hakobyan(webmaster)

 

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Director of the Archeology and Ethnography Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Armenia Pavel Avetisyan has told ArmInfo that when excavating the Aghitu-3 cave in Sy…unik region, they found traces proving that there was Homo sapiens in the territory of Armenia 35,000- 40,000 years ago.

Earlier the head of the Aghitu-3 expedition Boris Gasparyan told ArmInfo that in the cave they had found flint stone and obsidian tools, altars and carcasses of animals.

In the past it was believed that there could not be early man in the territory of the Armenian Plateau because of high altitude and very cold weather, but Aghitu-3 is located at an altitude of 1,600 meters above the sea level. The life of its inhabitants was not easy though:  hunting, fishing, gathering.

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“The Armenian Origin of the Etruscans”  by Robert Ellis.
“The Aryan race are to be divided into two great divisions the Northern or European Aryans, and the Southern or Asiatic Aryans. The Southern or Asiatic Aryans may be similarly divide…d into three principal branches: the Armenians, the Persians, and the Indians. The Kurds and Afghans are of less ethical importance. The Armenians, like the Celts, are now few in number. They belong once to a longer extent of a country where they spread westward from Armenia to Italy under the names of Phrygians, Thracians, Pelasgians, Etruscans and also spread to other locations”. ( The Armenian Origin of the Etruscans by Robert Ellis, London, 1861.)

Dr. Bugge, a learned Norwegian considers Etruscan to be an Armenian dialect. (Science – Page 99 by American Association for the Advancement of Science.)

Some scholars also see in Araratian art, architecture, language and general culture traces of kinship to the Etruscans of the Italian peninsula. (A History of Armenia by Vahan M. Kurkjian p.19).

Армянское происхождения этрусков.

“Арийская раса делится на два больших крыла – северное, или европейское, и южное, или азиатское. Южные, или азиатские, арийцы могут быть аналогичным образом разделены на три основные ветви: армяне, персы и индийцы. Курды и афганцы имеют меньшее этическое значение. Армян, как и кельтов, сейчас мало. Когда-то они населяли страну большей протяженности, откуда расселились на запад – из Армении в Италию под именем фригийцев, фракийцев, пеласгов, этрусков. Расселение происходило также и в других направлениях”. (Армянское происхождении этрусков, Роберт Эллис, Лондон, 1861 год.)

Доктор Бугге, известный норвежский ученый (филолог и лингвист), считает этрусский язык диалектом армянского. (Наука – Страница 99, Американская ассоциация содействия развитию науки).

Некоторые ученые также видят в Араратском искусстве, архитектуре, языке и культуре в целом следы родства с этрусками итальянского полуострова. (История Армении, Ваан М. Куркджян, стр. 19).

1. Detail of the Etruscan Bronze Chariot in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Picture taken by Mary Harrsch.
Chariot, late 6th century B.C.
Etruscan; From Monteleone, Italy

2. Reconstruction of Armenian Goddess Arubani. Van/Urartu/Ararat/Arminiya period.

3. Fragment of a bronze helmet from Armenian king Argishti I’s era. The “tree of life”, popular among the ancient societies, is depicted. The helmet was discovered during the excavations of the fortress Of Teyshebaini on Karmir-Blur (Red Hill), Armenia.

4. Detail of a bronze throne of Armenian kings of Van period.

5. “The Armenian Origin of Etruscans” by Robert Ellis, available on Amazon.

6. Armenian maidens, 19 century, wearing the same headgear as in previous pictures.

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